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Nancy R. Gustafson, D.V.M., M.S., C.M.D., D.A.C.V.R.∗, Teri Burrier, M.S., C.M.D., R.T.(R)(T), Brittany Butler, M.S., C.M.D., R.T.(R)(CT), Ashley Hunzeker, M.S., C.M.D., Nishele Lenards, Ph.D., C.M.D., R.T.(R)(T), F.A.A.M.D.∗, Lee Culp, M.S., C.M.D., R.T.(T)
∗Department of Health Professions, University of Wisconsin –La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
Radiotherapy to an intact breast was previously determined to have a positive correlation between breast separation measurement and hot spot dose. As breast separation measurement increased, hot spot dose increased. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine if this correlation persisted despite current techniques including ﬁeld-in-ﬁeld (FiF) blocking and mixed photon energies. Radiation treatment plans on unilateral intact breasts from 90 female, early-stage breast cancer patients treated with lumpectomy were analyzed. Plans were created using 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) nondivergent opposing tangent beams, FiF technique, and 6 MV with or without higher energy photons. Data collected included breast separation measurement, hot spot point dose and location, number of beams, photon energy, clinical target volume (CTV) coverage and breast volume coverage. Correlations between breast separation measurement and each of these values were determined. The positive correlation between breast separation measurement and hot spot dose persisted despite incorporating FiF and mixed photon energies. Correlations were also found between breast separation and the number of beams as well as breast separation and photon energy. Larger breast separations tended to be treated with additional beams of higher photon energy. There were no correlations found between breast separation and CTV or breast volume coverage. The data in this study suggested the medical dosimetrist should expect hot spots above prescription dose of 106%, 107%, and 108% for small, medium and large breast separation sizes respectively. Additionally, adding a high energy photon bean may be indicated with medium and large breast separations.