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DJR 48-3A: Hippocampal-sparing whole-brain radiotherapy under coplanar or noncoplanar VMAT

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MDCB Credits: 2.50

ARRT Credits: 1.00

Available Until: 7/31/2025

Non-Member Price: $87.50

Member Price: $50.00

Member PLUS Price: $50.00

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Authors: Pin-Yi Chiang, MS,#, Chao-Hsiung Hung, MS,#,1, Chih-Chia Chang, MD,,2, Cheng-Yen Lee, MD, Yu-Wen Wang, MD, PhD, Yuk-Wah Tsang, MD, PhD,§,1

Department of Radiation Oncology, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Department of Radiation Oncology, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi County, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Asia University, Taichung City, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
§ Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) can alleviate symptoms in patients with brain metastases. However, WBRT may damage the hippocampus. Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) can achieve a suitable coverage of the target region and a more conforming dose distribution whereas decreasing the dose to organs-at-risk (OARs). Herein, we aimed to compare the differences between treatment plans utilizing coplanar VMAT and noncoplanar VMAT in hippocampal-sparing WBRT (HS-WBRT). Ten patients were included in this study. For each patient, the Eclipse A10 treatment planning system was used to generate 1 coplanar VMAT (C-VMAT) and 2 noncoplanar VMAT treatment plans with various beam angles (non-coplanar VMAT A [NC-A] and noncoplanar VMAT B [NC-B]) for HS-WBRT. The prescribed dose was 30 Gy in 12 fractions. Treatment plans were established based on the OAR dose constraints of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0933 (RTOG 0933). Parameters such as the global maximum dose, dose conformity, dose homogeneity of plans, and OAR doses were evaluated. The maximum biologically equivalent doses in 2-Gy fractions (EQD2) of OARs in C-VMAT were 9.17 ± 0.61, 42.79 ± 2.00, and 42.84 ± 3.52 Gy in the hippocampus, brain stem, and optic chiasm, respectively, which were the lowest among the 3 treatment plans. There was no signi?cant difference in dose conformity among the 3 treatment plans. However, NC-A had a slightly better conformity than C-VMAT and NC-B. NC-A had the best homogeneity, and NC-B had the worst homogeneity (p = 0.042). NC-A and NC-B had the lowest and highest global dose maximum, respectively. Therefore, NC-A, which had an intermediate performance in terms of OAR doses, had the best quality parameters. We used the quality score table based on the p-value to evaluate the signi?cant difference between each treatment technique from the multiparameter results. In terms of treatment plan parameters, only NC-A received a score of 2; for OAR doses, C-VMAT, NC-A, and NC-B received a score of 6, 3, and 5, respectively. For the overall evaluation, C-VMAT, NC-A, and NC-B received a total score of 6, 5, and 5, respectively. Rather than noncoplanar VMAT, 3 full-arc C-VMATs should be utilized in HS-WBRT. C-VMAT can simultaneously maintain treatment plan quality and decrease patient alignment time and total treatment time.

As of January 1, 2022, ARRT requires CE Credits for Directed Journal Readings to be based on the word count for each article. So, the number of CE Credits for each DJR article will vary for ARRT. For this article, the ARRT CE Credit will be 1.0 Credit. The MDCB CE Credits will remain at 2.5 Credits. 


ARRT CQR Credit Distribution
Radiation Therapy 2017:
   Prescription and Dose Calculation = 1.00

Radiation Therapy 2022:
   Prescription and Dose Calculation = 1.00